Blue Corporation

Australia Geographical Features

Australia is the smallest of the world’s continents. 

It is also known to be the lowest and flattest landform region, apart from Antartica. Mount Kosciuszko is the highest point on the mainland, located at New South Wales, 2228 metres above sea level. While, the dry bed of Lake Eyre is recognized as the lowest point, located at South Australia, 15 metres below sea level. Nonetheless, about 20 per cent of Australia land mass is classified as desert.

The Australian mainland and Tasmania are are surrounded by over eight thousands of islands within its maritime borders. Approximately 40 per cent of island coastlines contribute to the total coastline length. As an island nation, coastlines play an important role in defining national, state and territory boundaries.

Rainfall in Australia is highly variable with low average annual rainfall over most of the continent. The rainfall pattern is concentric across the extensive arid core of the continent, with intense seasonal rainfall in the tropics and some coastal areas.


Climatic zones range from tropical rainforests, deserts, and cool temperature forests to snow covered mountains.

Our plants and animals have evolved on a geographically isolated niche, over a time of a gradually drying climate, combined with persisting high variability. Thus, the uniqueness of Australian flora and fauna is partly due of our climatic features.

Any day, anywhere you will find the right climate conditions that will make your Australian experience unique and memorable. 

The Australian summer (December to February) is warm and sunny and you can enjoy lazy days on the beach and typical Aussie meals cooked on the barbecue. Summer is the rainy season in our tropical regions in the north that brings our lush rainforests to life. Spring and autumn are mild and are the best seasons for bush walks and discovering nature. 

The Australian winter (June to August) is generally mild, but offers snow on the snow fields in the southern mountain regions. At the same time our northern states have balmy 24 degrees Celsius temperatures. 

It is important for all Australians or visitors to Australia, to look and listen for UV Index levels in local weather forecasts. Residents are advised apply UV protective wears while enjoying the great outdoors. Sunscreen containing SPF30+ coverage is recommended.